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Buying Cialis From Canada: Diagnosis and treatment of male infertility. Man's health

Diagnosis and treatment of male infertility. Man’s health

Exposure to environmental factors such as heat, toxins, and chemicals can affect sperm production. Some reasons are as follows:

Industrial chemicals. Prolonged exposure to benzene, toluene, xylene, pesticides, herbicides, organic solvents, dyes can lead to a decrease in the number of spermatozoa.

Heavy metals. Exposure to heavy metal salts buying cialis from canada can also cause infertility.

Radiation and x-rays. Ionizing radiation can reduce sperm production, although often the latter eventually returns to normal. When exposed to high doses, the production of male germ cells can be permanently depressed.

Overheating of the testicles. Elevated temperatures violate sperm production. Although there are few studies and they are not yet completed, it is known that the abuse of the sauna and hot baths can temporarily violate the number of spermatozoa.

Prolonged sitting position, tight clothing (pants), long location of the laptop on the hips can also increase the temperature of the scrotum and slightly reduce the production of sperm.

Other causes of male infertility include:

Prohibited drugs. Anabolic steroids taken for muscle growth and strength can cause a decrease in the testes and a decrease in sperm production. Cocaine or marijuana can temporarily reduce the quantity and quality of sperm.

Alcohol. Alcohol abuse reduces testosterone levels, causing erectile dysfunction and a decrease in the production of male germ cells. Liver illnesses caused by alcoholic excesses can also lead to problems with conception.

Tobacco smoking. In male smokers, there may be a reduction in the number of sperm cells compared with non-smoking sperm. Fertility can also be affected by passive (secondary) smoking.

Emotional stress. Stress can affect certain hormones needed for sperm. Severe or prolonged emotional stress, including problems with conception, can affect the number of germ cells.

Weight. Obesity affects fertility in several ways, including a direct effect on sperm and, indirectly, through hormonal changes leading to a decrease in male fertility.

Certain professions may also be associated with infertility, for example, a welder or a driver. However, the evidence for this is ambiguous.

Risk factors

Risk factors associated with male infertility include:

smoking;

alcohol;

prohibited drugs;

overweight;

some past or present infections;

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Buying Cialis From Canada: Diagnosis and treatment of male infertility. Man's health

toxins;

testicular overheating;

trauma to the testes;

undergoing vasectomy or extensive pelvic or abdominal surgery;

congenital fertility disorders or fertility disorders in direct relatives;

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certain health conditions, including tumors and chronic diseases, such as sickle cell anemia;

some treatments, such as cancer radiation therapy or surgery.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis of male infertility usually includes the following activities:

General examination and medical questioning (anamnesis). Includes inspection of the genitalia and questioning of congenital conditions, chronic health problems, injuries and surgeries that may affect fertility. Also, the attending physician may ask about sexual habits or sexual development in the pubertal period.

Spermogram For laboratory testing, a sperm sample is transferred in a special container after masturbation or in a special condom after sexual intercourse. In the laboratory, the number of sperm cells in the semen is counted, the presence of abnormalities in the shape and mobility of germ cells is noted. Signs of infection are also being investigated. The number of spermatozoa varies considerably from one sample to another buying cialis from canada; therefore, several samples are studied over a certain period. If the semen values ​​are normal, then the doctor usually prescribes the examination of the partner.

Your doctor may recommend additional studies to find out the cause of infertility.

These may include the following:

Ultrasound scrotum. Ultrasonic waves are used to detect varicocele and other lesions of the testicles or related formations.

Blood test for hormones. Hormones produced by the pituitary, hypothalamus and testicles play a key role in sexual development and the production of sperm. Deviations of other hormonal systems can also lead to infertility. First of all, the level of testosterone in the blood is measured.

Urinalysis after ejaculation. The presence of sperm in the urine may indicate retrograde ejaculation in the bladder.

Genetic analyzes. At extremely low sperm concentrations, genetic causes can be suspected. Genetic studies are indicated to confirm various congenital syndromes.

Testicular biopsy. The study involves taking a sample of testicular tissue using a needle puncture. If the biopsy results show that sperm production is normal, then the problem may be a violation of sperm movement. As a diagnostic study, biopsy is not common.

Special functional studies of sperm. In germ cells, vitality after ejaculation, the ability to penetrate (penetrate) the egg and other abnormalities are studied. Such tests are rarely performed because they have little effect on treatment recommendations.

Transrectal ultrasound. The method reveals a possible blockade of the vas deferens or seminal vesicles.

Male Infertility Treatment

Buying Cialis From Canada: Diagnosis and treatment of male infertility. Man's health

Often the exact cause of infertility cannot be determined. But even if the source of the problem remains incomprehensible, the attending physician may prescribe a treatment that will increase the chances of conception.

Treatment for male infertility may include the following:

Surgery. For example, varicocele is surgically treatable, and obstruction of the vas deferens can be eliminated. Permeability after vasectomy can also be restored. In the case when there are no spermatozoa in the sperm, they are obtained directly from the testicle or epididymis (epididymis) and used for artificial insemination.

Treatment of infections. Antibiotic therapy can fight infection of the genital tract, but does not always help restore fertility.

Treatment of sexual problems. When erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation can restore the ability to conceive, and drugs, specialist advice.

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Hormone therapy. Replacement therapy with hormones is prescribed in cases of deviations of concentrations of specific hormones in the blood.

Methods of artificial insemination. They include obtaining sperm (after ejaculation, extraction or from sperm donors), their introduction into the female genital tract or fertilization outside the female body (including by intracytoplasmic injection).

In rare cases, male fertility has not been restored, and the last chance to become a parent is the use of donor sperm or adoption.

Useful tips

A few tips to increase the likelihood of conception.

Increase the frequency of sexual intercourse. Sexual contact every day or every day at least 4 days before ovulation increases the chances of a partner’s pregnancy.

Intimacy during the period of possible conception. Women can conceive a child during ovulation, in the middle of the menstrual cycle, between menstruation. Sex these days ensures the presence of spermatozoa, which remain viable for up to 7 days, in the right concentration in the female genital tract.

Avoid lubricants. Intimate lubrication can affect sperm motility. For lubricants should consult with your doctor.

Prevention

Many types of male infertility cannot be prevented. However, in some cases this condition can be avoided. For this:

Do not smoke.

Do not drink alcohol or limit its amount.

Do not eat illegal drugs.

Maintain optimal body weight.

Avoid prolonged overheating of the testicles.

Reduce stress levels.

Avoid exposure to pesticides, heavy metals, and other toxins.

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